Predictors of Improvement in Hemoglobin Concentration among Toddlers Enrolled in the Massachusetts WIC Program
By Altucher K, Rasmssuen K, Barden E, Habicht J
Objective: Nutrition supplementation programs are generally targeted to those members of the population who are thought to be at risk of an undesirable outcome, but not all who participate in such programs respond to them. We sought to identify determinants of improvement in hemoglobin concentration among young children in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).
Design: We conducted an observational study using data from 9,930 children who were enrolled in the Massachusetts WIC program and had data available on their hemoglobin values at both 1 and 2 years of age. Predictors of change in hemoglobin concentration between these ages were studied using multivariate statistical modeling.
Results: Overall, hemoglobin concentrations increased from age 1 to 2 years in those who had been breastfed 25 or more weeks (P < .0001) and were female (P < .01), and decreased with increasing weight at 1 year of age (P < .001). The determinants of change in hemoglobin concentration differed from the determinants of hemoglobin concentration at age 1 year.
Conclusions: The analytical approach used here could be extended to identify subgroups of WIC participants likely to improve in other outcomes. If current efforts to increase the duration of breastfeeding among WIC participants are successful, the importance of WIC in improving hemoglobin concentration among young children also will increase.
March 16, 2018
Altucher K, Rasmssuen K, Barden E, Habicht J (2005) Predictors of Improvement in Hemoglobin Concentration among Toddlers Enrolled in the Massachusetts WIC Program. Journal of the American Dietetic Association: Vol. 105, Issue 5, pp. 709-715. Available online: https://jandonline.org/article/S0002-8223(05)00154-9/fulltext