Reaching Low-Income Families: Focus Group Results Provide Direction for a Behavioral Approach to WIC Services
By Birkett D, Johnson D, Thompson J, Oberg D
Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) families were asked to identify motivators and barriers to health behavior change and preferred approaches to nutrition education in WIC. Six focus groups involved a total of 41 English-speaking WICparticipants and addressed parenting, family meals, food preparation, and physical activity. The discussions were audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed using NUD*IST software (Non-Numerical Unstructured Data Indexing, Searching, and Theorizing, version 4.0. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Software, 1997). Key barriers to behavior change included inadequate parenting skills, lack of knowledge, unhealthy social environments, lack of time, and lack of social or financial support. Key motivators included feelings of responsibility, concern for child health and development, and positive social support. Participants identified facilitated discussions, support groups, cooking classes, and a WIC Web site as preferred methods of nutrition education. Results provided the foundation for the Healthy Habits nutrition education modules implemented in the Washington State WIC program and can be used to improve future nutrition education in WIC.
March 21, 2018
Birkett D, Johnson D, Thompson J, Oberg D (2004) Reaching Low-Income Families: Focus Group Results Provide Direction for a Behavioral Approach to WIC Services. Journal Of The American Dietetic Association: Vol. 104, Issue 8, pp. 1277-1280. Available online: https://jandonline.org/article/S0002-8223(04)00914-9/fulltext