Rural-Urban Differences in Breastfeeding Initiation in the United States
By Sparks P
Research has noted a rural disadvantage in breastfeeding initiation; however, most previous research has been based on nonrepresentative samples and has been limited in its ability to compare racial/ethnic differences in breastfeeding initiation based on residential location. This research fills this gap by examining a nationally representative sample of births using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) to explore associations between rural-urban residence and maternal race/ethnicity on breastfeeding initiation. Results indicate that associations observed for rural-urban breastfeeding initiation differ based on maternal race/ethnicity and poverty status. These patterns likely reflect differences in economic resources, work environments, and social support among rural minority postpartum women.
March 16, 2018
Sparks P (2010) Rural-Urban Differences in Breastfeeding Initiation in the United States. Journal Of Human Lactation: Vol. 26, Issue 2, pp. 118-129. Available online: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0890334409352854