Smoking Status and Stages of Change for Dietary Behaviors Among WIC Women
By Delahanty J, DiClemente C, Havas S, Langenberg P
Objective: To examine whether dietary attitudes and demographics differ based on smoking status among low-income women participating in a dietary intervention.
Methods: Smoking status, stages of change for eating a healthier diet, and dietary intake were examined among 2066 women participating in the Maryland Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Food for Life Program.
Results: Relative to nonsmokers, current smokers reported significantly higher overall calories; higher percentages of calories from fat, sweets, and alcohol; and lower percentage of calories from protein. Never smokers who received the dietary intervention evidenced the greatest dietary changes over time.
Conclusions: Future interventions should consider targeting smoking and diet simultaneously or employ different strategies for smokers and nonsmokers.
March 16, 2018
Delahanty J, DiClemente C, Havas S, Langenberg P (2008) Smoking Status and Stages of Change for Dietary Behaviors Among WIC Women. American Journal Of Health Behavior: Vol. 32, Issue 6, pp. 583-593. Available online: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18442338