Time from Pregnancy Recognition to Prenatal Care and Associated Newborn Outcomes
By Ayoola A, Nettleman M, Stommel M
Objective: To examine the relationship between newborn outcomes and late prenatal care initiation after recognition of pregnancy.
Design: Secondary data analysis of the Pregnancy Risk Assessment and Monitoring System (PRAMS) data for the United States.
Setting: Twenty-nine states.
Participants: Women of childbearing age (135,623) who resided in 29 states in the PRAMS study who received prenatal care and had live births.
Methods: Population-based survey from 2000 through 2004 that examined four newborn outcomes: prematurity, low birth weight (LBW), admission into Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), and infant mortality.
Results: The average time lag (difference between the time of pregnancy recognition and initiation of prenatal care) for the study was 3.2 weeks (99% CI [3.12, 3.21]). Women who recognized their pregnancies before 6 weeks had a longer lag time (3.5 weeks, 99% CI [3.43, 3.53]) than women who recognized their pregnancies later (2.1 weeks, 99% CI [1.96, 2.15]). After adjusting for confounders including the timing of pregnancy recognition, longer time lag was associated with reduced risks of prematurity (odds ratio [OR]=0.99, 99% Confidence Interval [CI] [0.97, 1.00], p<.01), LBW (OR=0.98, 99% CI [0.97, 0.99], p<.01) and NICU admission (OR=0.99, 99% CI [0.98, 1.00], p<.01) but not with infant mortality (OR=1.00, 99% CI [0.95, 1.05], p>.01).
Conclusion: Average time lag from pregnancy recognition to prenatal care was not associated with poor newborn outcomes once results were adjusted for time of pregnancy recognition and other confounders.
March 21, 2018
Ayoola A, Nettleman M, Stommel M (2010) Time from Pregnancy Recognition to Prenatal Care and Associated Newborn Outcomes. Journal Of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing: Vol. 39, Issue 5, pp. 550-556. Available online: https://www.jognn.org/article/S0884-2175(15)30309-9/fulltext