The American Journal of Public Health recently published this article by Bradley N Collins and Stephen J Lepore (Temple University) along with Brian L Egleston (Fox Chase Cancer Center). Together […]
Perinatal tobacco smoking remains a public health concern and is associated with smoking related morbidity and mortality. This study aims to report the prevalence and correlates of smoking during pregnancy […]
Abstract Background: We sought to describe the correlates of marijuana use during and after pregnancy, and to examine the independent relationship between prenatal marijuana use and infant outcomes. Study design: […]
Abstract Objective: To use a quantitative approach to evaluate the literature for quantity, quality, and consistency of studies of maternal and infant characteristics in association with breastfeeding initiation and continuation, […]
Abstract Background: Racial or ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in adverse birth outcomes are well known, but few studies have examined disparities in the receipt of prenatal health education. The objectives […]
The author tested predictors of infant birth weight, including prepregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain, and smoking. Results showed that higher birth weight was predicted by prepregnancy obesity. Lower infant birth weight was predicted by both lower and higher-than-recommended weight gain and by lower and higher levels of smoking.
This study examines whether dietary attitudes and demographics differed, based on the smoking status among low-income women participating in a dietary intervention. Results indicated that relative to nonsmokers, current smokers reported significantly higher overall calories; higher percentages of calories from fat, sweets, and alcohol; and a lower percentage of calories from protein. Those who had never smoked and who received the dietary intervention evidenced the greatest dietary changes over time.
This study described the factors associated with the smoking status of low-income women during pregnancy and postpartum. Results showed that lower relapse rates among spontaneous quitters indicated a need to foster an environment that encourages quitting at pregnancy.
The authors explored the relationship between the timing of entry into the WIC Program among pregnant women in Rhode Island and changes in maternal cigarette smoking (MCS) during pregnancy. Self-reports from smokers indicated that 9.5% quit smoking; 24.6% decreased MCS; 26.8% experienced no change; 33.5% increased MCS; and 5.6% attempted to quit MCS, but failed during pregnancy.
The following characteristics were associated with reduced odds of smoking 3 months prior to pregnancy: being 17 years old or younger, Hispanic, a high school graduate, urban location, normal body mass index, no live births prior to current pregnancy, and using multi-vitamins. Results from this study indicate that the WIC population in rural areas may have different needs regarding smoking cessation programming than the urban WIC population