Predictors of Breastfeeding Duration for Employees of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
By Whaley S, Meehan K, Lange L, Slusser W, Jenks E
During the past decade there has been increasing breastfeeding support within the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program. For this study, it was hypothesized that employees at WIC would initiate and continue to breastfeed significantly longer than the National averages. Female employees, mostly paraprofessionals, from six Los Angeles County WIC agencies participated in the study to determine breastfeeding rates and predictors of breastfeeding success. As expected, 99% of WIC employees initiated breastfeeding and 68.6% continued to breastfeed to one year, significantly exceeding National averages. Four variables accounted for 30% of the variance in duration of breastfeeding: intent to exclusively breastfeed, delayed introduction of infant formula, attendance at breastfeeding support groups and availability of work-site breastpumps. Given that nearly 70% of the study participants reached the American Academy of Pediatrics goal of breastfeeding to 12 months or more, it is clear that full-time employment and breastfeeding can be compatible given appropriate work-site support.
March 16, 2018
Whaley S, Meehan K, Lange L, Slusser W, Jenks E (2002) Predictors of Breastfeeding Duration for Employees of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Journal Of The American Dietetic Association: Vol. 102, Issue 9, pp. 1290-1293. Available online: https://jandonline.org/article/S0002-8223(02)90284-1/fulltext