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Publication Date

March 1, 2004


Journal Article

An Innovative Blood Lead Screening Program for Indian Children

By Howell E, Russette L


There is little information on the lead levels of Indian children nationally. In the late 1990s, members of the Chippewa and Cree tribes living on the Rocky Boy Reservation near Box Elder, Montana, were concerned about environmental pollution and how it might be affecting the health of their children. With financial assistance from the Environmental Protection Agency, the tribes designed and implemented an innovative lead screening program for young children. Because most children on the reservation participated in WIC and Head Start, those programs were used to identify and screen close to 100% of young children on the reservation. The average blood lead level for children ages 1-5 on the Rocky Boy reservation was 2.4 micrograms/dL, which is not significantly different from that of children of the same age nationally. The project showed that Indian families will participate readily in screening programs that may improve their children‘s health.

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Date Added
March 21, 2018

Howell E, Russette L (2004) An Innovative Blood Lead Screening Program for Indian Children. Public Health Reports: Vol. 119, Issue 2, pp. 141-143. Available online: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/003335490411900206