Using Focus Group Results to Inform Preschool Childhood Obesity Prevention Programming
By McGarvey E, Collie K, Fraser G, Shufflebarger C, Lloyd B, Oliver M
Objective: This study about maternal feeding practices and beliefs was conducted as background for the development of a childhood obesity prevention program for multi-ethnic parents in the USA receiving services from a federal government supplemental nutrition program for low-income mothers.
Design: Using a grounded theory approach, focus groups were conducted with low-income African American, white non-Hispanic (i.e. the majority Caucasian American population), Hispanic and Vietnamese parents to collect cross-cultural perspectives on: (a) infant and child feeding practices, (b) childhood overweight, (c) healthy dietary intake, (d) physical activity and inactivity, and (e) infant feeding information sources.
Results: A content analysis of the data yielded three main themes common to all four groups: (a) lack of awareness of the relationship between increased physical activity and health, (b) the use of food to influence behavior, and (c) the loss of parental control over feeding when a child starts child care or school, and revealed perspectives on age-appropriate food, infant satiety, overweight and information sources that were specific to each group.
Conclusion: Interventions that enhance parent self-efficacy that build on themes that are specific to ethnic groups toward preventing childhood obesity are needed. There is also a need for culturally appropriate information for governmental nutrition programs that is in the client’s own language and takes into account ethnic differences in beliefs and traditions.
March 14, 2018
McGarvey E, Collie K, Fraser G, Shufflebarger C, Lloyd B, Oliver M (2006) Using Focus Group Results to Inform Preschool Childhood Obesity Prevention Programming. Ethnicity & Health: Vol. 11, Issue 3, pp. 265-285. Available online: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13557850600565707