Assignment to a Hospital-Based Breastfeeding Clinic and Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Immigrant Hispanic Mothers: A Randomized, Controlled Trial
By Hopkinson J, Gallagher M
A randomized controlled trial is used to determine whether assigning mixed feeders to a breastfeeding clinic within 1 week postpartum will increase exclusive breastfeeding at 1 month among Hispanic immigrants. Subjects are eligible for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), and 85% are monolingual Hispanic. Mothers (n = 522) of infants at low risk for hyperbilirubinemia are approached at bedside 20 to 48 hours after delivery and randomly assigned to treatment or control groups. Intent-to-treat analysis of feeding behavior at 4 weeks postpartum indicates that the intervention group is more likely to be exclusively breastfeeding (16.4% vs 10% in the control group, P = .03; adjusted odds ratio 1.87; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-3.26); that the incidence of formula supplementation does not differ between groups; and that the intervention group is less likely to supplement with water and tea (P < .002).
March 16, 2018
Hopkinson J, Gallagher M (2009) Assignment to a Hospital-Based Breastfeeding Clinic and Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Immigrant Hispanic Mothers: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Journal Of Human Lactation: Vol. 25, Issue 3, pp. 287-296. Available online: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0890334409335482