Culturally Relevant Nutrition Education Improves Dietary Quality Among WIC-Eligible Vietnamese Immigrants
By Ikeda J, Pham L, Nguyen K, Mitchell R
Objective: To provide culturally appropriate nutrition education to improve the diets of Vietnamese women.
Design: A total of 152 homemakers were recruited to participate in a nutrition education project, with 76 receiving the intervention and 76 serving as the control group.
Subjects/Setting: Non-English-speaking women eligible for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) with incomes below 185% of the poverty level living in 5 California counties.
Intervention: Bicultural, bilingual Vietnamese-American nutrition education assistants taught 5 to 7 lessons in the Vietnamese language using nutrition education materials written in the Vietnamese language by 2 bilingual, bicultural nutritionists.
Main Outcome Measures: Twenty-four-hour food recalls were obtained before and after the 8-week interval on the treatment and control groups.
Statistical Analysis: To examine if there were changes over time in nutrient intake and nutrient density within groups, matched pair t tests were done. Analysis of covariance techniques determined differences between groups. McNemar tests determined if, within groups, there were changes over time in food groups consumed. Chi-square techniques determined changes between groups.
Results: Over time, the number of treatment group participants who had at least one serving from each food group (P <.01), and who had the recommended number of servings from each food group (P <.05), significantly increased in comparison to the control group. Over time, the dietary nutrient density of calcium, riboflavin, and vitamin B6 (P <.05), as well as potassium (P <.01), of treatment group participants significantly improved in comparison to the control group.
Implications: With training, bilingual, bicultural women can effectively deliver culturally relevant nutrition education to their peers.
March 21, 2018
Ikeda J, Pham L, Nguyen K, Mitchell R (2002) Culturally Relevant Nutrition Education Improves Dietary Quality Among WIC-Eligible Vietnamese Immigrants. Journal Of Nutrition Education & Behavior: Vol. 34, Issue 3, pp. 151-158. Available online: https://www.jneb.org/article/S1499-4046(06)60084-5/fulltext