Food-Shopping Environment Disparities in Texas WIC Vendors: A Pilot Study
By Tisone C, Guerra S, Wenhua L, McKyer E, Ory M, Dowdy D, Wang S, Miao J, Evans A, Hoelscher D
Objective: To identify differences in food-shopping environments of Texas WIC vendors using a culturally adapted instrument.
Methods: A survey tool was developed for measuring food availability, accessibility, and affordability in 111 WIC vendors in Texas. Two-tailed t-tests and Mann-Whitney tests were used for rural/urban and Texas-Mexico border/non-border area comparisons.
Results: Prices were higher in rural areas than in urban areas for 2 key foods, fruits (p = .024) and milk (p = .007); non-border vendors had overall better food availability than border vendors; non-border vendors had better accessibility for fruits (p = .007) than border vendors.
Conclusion: In Texas, disparities in food-shopping environments are evident and can be assessed using a culturally adapted survey tool.
November 20, 2017
Tisone C, Guerra S, Wenhua L, McKyer E, Ory M, Dowdy D, Wang S, Miao J, Evans A, Hoelscher D (2014), 'Food-Shopping Environment Disparities in Texas WIC Vendors: A Pilot Study'. American Journal of Health Behavior: Vol. 38, Issue 5, pp. 726-736. Available online: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/png/ajhb/2014/00000038/00000005/art00010