WIC Research, Policy and Practice Hub WIC Research, Policy and Practice Hub

Journal Article

Racial/ethnic disparities in preschool immunizations: United States, 1996 – 2001

By Chu S, Barker L


Objectives: We examined current racial/ethnic differences in immunization coverage rates among US preschool children.

Methods: Using National Immunization Survey data from 1996 through 2001, we compared vaccination coverage rates between non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, and Asian preschool children.

Results: During the 6-year study period, the immunization coverage gap between White and Black children widened by an average of 1.1% each year, and the gap between White and Hispanic children widened by an average of 0.5% each year. The gap between White and Asian children narrowed by an average of 0.8% each year.

Conclusions: Racial/ethnic disparities in preschool immunization coverage rates have increased significantly among some groups; critical improvements in identifying, understanding, and addressing race/ethnicity-specific health care differences are needed to achieve the Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating disparities.

View Resource

Date Added
March 15, 2018

Chu S, Barker L (2004) Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Preschool Immunizations: United States, 1996–2001. American Journal of Public Health: Vol. 94, Issue 6, pp. 973-976. Available online: https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.94.6.973